How to Update NPM versions- Step By Step Guide

Node Package Manager (NPM) is an important tool for managing JavaScript packages and dependencies. Regular updates to NPM are essential to ensure compatibility with the latest features, bug fixes, and security patches. Fortunately, updating NPM is a simple process, but it is essential to follow the correct steps to avoid potential problems. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to efficiently update your NPM version.

Step-by-Step Guide- How to Update NPM Versions

Step 1: Check the current NPM version

Before updating NPM, it is essential to know which version you are currently using. You can check the installed version of NPM by running the following command in your terminal or command prompt:

npm -v

This command will display the currently installed version of NPM.

Step 2: Update Node.js (optional but recommended)

In many cases, NPM is integrated with Node.js. Therefore, updating Node.js often updates NPM as well. To update Node.js, you can download and install the latest version from the official Node.js website ( Follow the installation instructions provided on the website for your specific operating system.

Step 3: Update NPM itself using NPM

If you prefer to update NPM separately from Node.js or if you are using an older version of NPM that does not support self-update, you can update NPM using the following command:

npm install -g npm@latest

This command installs the latest version of NPM globally on your system.

Step 4: Verify NPM Updates

After updating NPM, it is important to verify that the update was successful. You can do this by running the following command:

npm -v

This command will display the newly installed version of NPM. If the version number matches the latest version available, the update is successful

Step 5: Updating NPM on Windows

If you are using NPM on a Windows system, you may encounter permission issues when trying to update NPM globally. In such cases, you can run your command prompt as an administrator to bypass these issues. Right-click the command prompt shortcut and select “Run as administrator,”  then proceed with the update command mentioned in step 3.

Step 6: Troubleshooting

If you encounter any problems during the update process, such as permission errors or conflicts with existing packages, there are a few troubleshooting steps you can try:

  • Make sure you have administrative privileges if you encounter permission errors
  • If you use a package manager like Homebrew on MacOS or Chocolatey on Windows, you can try updating NPM through these package managers.
  • Check the official NPM documentation and support forums for solutions to common update problems.

Step 7: Updating NPM in a project directory

If you want to update NPM for a specific project rather than globally, you can navigate to the project directory in your terminal or command prompt and run the following command:

Install npm npm@latest

This command will update the NPM version locally in the project directory.


Keeping NPM up to date is crucial to maintaining the stability and security of your JavaScript projects. By following the steps described in this guide, you can easily update your NPM version to the latest release. Be sure to check for updates periodically and stay aware of new features and security patches released by the NPM team.

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